Angiogenesis plays an important role in the development of bone and bone regeneration to provide the required molecules. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are pluripotent, self-renewing, and spindle-shaped cells, which can differentiate into multiple lineages such as chondrocytes, osteocytes, and adipocytes. MSCs derived from bone marrow (BMMSCs), adipose tissue (ADMSCs), and Wharton’s jelly (UCMSCs) are popular in the field of tissue regeneration. MSCs have been proposed that can promote bone regeneration by enhancing vascularization. In this study, the angiogenic potential of secretomes of undifferentiated and osteo-differentiated BMMSCs, ADMSCs, and UCMSCs seeded on human decellularized allogeneic bone were compared. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with MSC secretomes. Cell growth, cell migration, and angiogenesis of HUVECs were analyzed by MTT, wound healing, and tube formation assays. Angiogenic gene expression levels of MSCs were evaluated using real-time quantitative PCR. Antibody neutralization was performed to validate the candidate target. Our study demonstrates that the angiogenic gene expression profile is tissue-dependent and the angiogenic ability of secretomes is independent of the state of differentiation. We also explore that IL-1b is important for MSC angiogenic potential. Taken together, this study proves that IL-1b in the secretomes plays a vital role in angiogenesis.
|期刊||International Journal Of Molecular Sciences|
|出版狀態||Published - 12月 2022|