Hypothalamic glutamate/GABA cotransmission modulates hippocampal circuits and supports long-term potentiation

Musa Iyiola Ajibola, Jei Wei Wu, Wahab Imam Abdulmajeed, Cheng Chang Lien*


研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Subcortical input engages in cortico-hippocampal information processing. Neurons of the hypothalamic supramammillary nucleus (SuM) innervate the dentate gyrus (DG) by coreleasing two contrasting fast neurotransmitters, glutamate and GABA, and thereby support spatial navigation and contextual memory. However, the synaptic mechanisms by which SuM neurons regulate the DG activity and synaptic plasticity are not well understood. The DG comprises excitatory granule cells (GCs) as well as inhibitory interneurons (INs). Combining optogenetic, electrophysiological, and pharmacological approaches, we demonstrate that the SuM input differentially regulates the activities of different DG neurons in mice of either sex via distinct synaptic mechanisms. Although SuM activation results in synaptic excitation and inhibition in all postsynaptic cells, the ratio of these two components is variable and cell typedependent. Specifically, dendrite-targeting INs receive predominantly synaptic excitation, whereas soma-targeting INs and GCs receive primarily synaptic inhibition. Although SuM excitation alone is insufficient to excite GCs, it enhances the GC spiking precision and reduces the latencies in response to excitatory drives. Furthermore, SuM excitation enhances the GC spiking in response to the cortical input, thereby promoting induction of long-term potentiation at cortical-GC synapses. Collectively, these findings provide physiological significance of the cotransmission of glutamate/GABA by SuM neurons in the DG network.

頁(從 - 到)8181-8196
期刊Journal of Neuroscience
出版狀態Published - 29 9月 2021


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