Hyperspectral signature-band extraction and learning: an example of sugar content prediction of Syzygium samarangense

Yung Jhe Yan, Weng Keong Wong, Chih Jung Chen, Chi Cho Huang, Jen Tzung Chien, Mang Ou-Yang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

This study proposes a method to extract the signature bands from the deep learning models of multispectral data converted from the hyperspectral data. The signature bands with two deep-learning models were further used to predict the sugar content of the Syzygium samarangense. Firstly, the hyperspectral data with the bandwidths lower than 2.5 nm were converted to the spectral data with multiple bandwidths higher than 2.5 nm to simulate the multispectral data. The convolution neural network (CNN) and the feedforward neural network (FNN) used these spectral data to predict the sugar content of the Syzygium samarangense and obtained the lowest mean absolute error (MAE) of 0.400° Brix and 0.408° Brix, respectively. Secondly, the absolute mean of the integrated gradient method was used to extract multiple signature bands from the CNN and FNN models for sugariness prediction. A total of thirty sets of six signature bands were selected from the CNN and FNN models, which were trained by using the spectral data with five bandwidths in the visible (VIS), visible to near-infrared (VISNIR), and visible to short-waved infrared (VISWIR) wavelengths ranging from 400 to 700 nm, 400 to 1000 nm, and 400 to 1700 nm. Lastly, these signature-band data were used to train the CNN and FNN models for sugar content prediction. The FNN model using VISWIR signature bands with a bandwidth of ± 12.5 nm had a minimum MAE of 0.390°Brix compared to the others. The CNN model using VISWIR signature bands with a bandwidth of ± 10 nm had the lowest MAE of 0.549° Brix compared to the other CNN models. The MAEs of the models with only six spectral bands were even better than those with tens or hundreds of spectral bands. These results reveal that six signature bands have the potential to be used in a small and compact multispectral device to predict the sugar content of the Syzygium samarangense.

原文English
文章編號15100
期刊Scientific reports
13
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 2023

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