Histidine-Dependent Protein Methylation Is Required for Compartmentalization of CTP Synthase

Wei Cheng Lin, Archan Chakraborty, Shih Chia Huang, Pei Yu Wang, Ya Ju Hsieh, Kun Yi Chien, Yen Hsien Lee, Chia Chun Chang, Hsiang Yu Tang, Yu Tsun Lin, Chang Shung Tung, Ji Dung Luo, Ting-Wen Chen, Tzu Yang Lin, Mei Ling Cheng, Yi Ting Chen, Chau Ting Yeh, Ji Long Liu, Li Ying Sung, Ming Shi ShiaoJau Song Yu, Yu Sun Chang, Li Mei Pai*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

30 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

CTP synthase (CTPS) forms compartmentalized filaments in response to substrate availability and environmental nutrient status. However, the physiological role of filaments and mechanisms for filament assembly are not well understood. Here, we provide evidence that CTPS forms filaments in response to histidine influx during glutamine starvation. Tetramer conformation-based filament formation restricts CTPS enzymatic activity during nutrient deprivation. CTPS protein levels remain stable in the presence of histidine during nutrient deprivation, followed by rapid cell growth after stress relief. We demonstrate that filament formation is controlled by methylation and that histidine promotes re-methylation of homocysteine by donating one-carbon intermediates to the cytosolic folate cycle. Furthermore, we find that starvation stress and glutamine deficiency activate the GCN2/ATF4/MTHFD2 axis, which coordinates CTPS filament formation. CTPS filament formation induced by histidine-mediated methylation may be a strategy used by cancer cells to maintain homeostasis and ensure a growth advantage in adverse environments. Metabolic enzymes form membraneless compartments to adapt to environmental changes. Lin et al. demonstrate that histidine catabolism coupled with the folate cycle contributes to methionine synthesis, which promotes protein methylation. This post-translational modification in turn induces CTPS filament formation to preserve CTPS but reduces its enzymatic activity under starvation.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)2733-2745
頁數21
期刊Cell Reports
24
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 4 9月 2018

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