The behavior of Rydberg atoms in a strong magnetic field is reviewed. Experiments using a lightly collimated beam of atomic lithium that travels parallel to the magnetic field of a superconductive solenoid are reported. The atoms are excited to Rydberg states in a two-step process: a two-photon transition (735 nm) drives 2S to 3S, and a one-photon transition (614-623 nm) drives 3S to an odd-parity Rydberg state. Rydberg states are detected by static electric field ionization. The resolution is typically 30 MHz FWHM; the absolute accuracy of all observed resonances is ±60 MHz. The diamagnetic spectrum of lithium has been studied in several energy field regions. One region encompasses the n = 21 manifold in the field range of 1 to 9 T; another demonstrates the hyperbolic nature of level anticrossings of the odd-parity m = 0 levels of n = 24 and 25. The general level of agreement between theory and experiment is excellent.
|出版狀態||Published - 1 12月 1989|
|事件||Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference - Baltimore, MD, USA|
持續時間: 24 4月 1989 → 28 4月 1989
|Conference||Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference|
|城市||Baltimore, MD, USA|
|期間||24/04/89 → 28/04/89|