High carriage rate of extended‐spectrum β‐lactamase Enterobacterales and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in healthy donor screening for fecal microbiota transplantation

Chien Chuang, Kuei Chuan Lee, Yen Po Wang, Pei Chang Lee, Tien En Chang, Yi Hsiang Huang, Yi Tsung Lin*, Ming Chih Hou*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The safety of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been highlighted by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli bacteremia transmitted from donors and acquisition of diarrheagenic E. coli (Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)) via FMT. The use of donor screening criteria to lower the risk of pathogen transmission via FMT is essential. This study aimed to demonstrate the outcomes of our strict donor screening program. This study was conducted at our FMT center between January 2019 and June 2022. Our donor screening program included an initial questionnaire and subsequent blood and stool testing. We further used selective culture for third-generation cephalosporin-resistant (3GCR) Enterobacterales and multiplex PCR to detect diarrheagenic E. coli in stools. The resistance mechanisms and sequence type of 3GCR Enterobacterales were determined. A total of 742 individuals were assessed, and 583 participants (78.6%) were excluded after questionnaire. Of the remaining 159 participants undergoing stool and blood tests, 37 participants were finally qualified (5.0%, 37/742). A high fecal carriage rate of ESBL-producing Enterobacterales (35.2%, 56/159), including E. coli (n=53) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=5), and diarrheagenic E. coli (31.4%, 50/159), including EPEC (n=41), enteroaggregative E. coli (n=11), enterotoxigenic E. coli (n=4), and STEC (n=1), was noted. CTX-M-79 and CTX-M-15 were dominant in E. coli and K. pneumoniae, respectively. The sequence types of the ESBL-producing strains were diverse. The screening for 3GCR Enterobacterales and diarrheagenic E. coli in stool is necessary. Our findings also support the effectiveness of multiplex PCR panels in FMT donor screening programs.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1103-1113
頁數11
期刊European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
42
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 9月 2023

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