Grey matter structure within the visual networks in migraine with aura: multivariate and univariate analyses

David M. Niddam, Kuan Lin Lai, Yi Ting Hsiao, Yen Feng Wang, Shuu Jiun Wang

研究成果: Article同行評審


BACKGROUND: The visual cortex is involved in the generation of migraine aura. Voxel-based multivariate analyses applied to this region may provide complementary information about aura mechanisms relative to the commonly used mass-univariate analyses. METHODS: Structural images constrained within the functional resting-state visual networks were obtained in migraine patients with (n = 50) and without (n = 50) visual aura and healthy controls (n = 50). The masked images entered a multivariate analysis in which Gaussian process classification was used to generate pairwise models. Generalizability was assessed by five-fold cross-validation and non-parametric permutation tests were used to estimate significance levels. A univariate voxel-based morphometry analysis was also performed. RESULTS: A multivariate pattern of grey matter voxels within the ventral medial visual network contained significant information related to the diagnosis of migraine with visual aura (aura vs. healthy controls: classification accuracy = 78%, p < 0.001; area under the curve = 0.84, p < 0.001; migraine with aura vs. without aura: classification accuracy = 71%, p < 0.001; area under the curve = 0.73, p < 0.003). Furthermore, patients with visual aura exhibited increased grey matter volume in the medial occipital cortex compared to the two other groups. CONCLUSIONS: Migraine with visual aura is characterized by multivariate and univariate patterns of grey matter changes within the medial occipital cortex that have discriminative power and may reflect pathological mechanisms.

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出版狀態Published - 1 1月 2024


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