Fronthaul Optical Links Using Sub-Nyquist Sampling Rate ADC for B5G/6G Sub-THz Ma-MIMO Beamforming

Pin Hsuan Ting, Shao Hung Yu, Zheng Wei Huang, Chia Chien Wei, Sien Chi, Chun Ting Lin*


研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


This paper details fronthaul optical links using sub-Nyquist sampling rate analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) for Beyond fifth generation (B5G) and 6G sub-THz massive multiple-input multiple-output (Ma-MIMO) beamforming. Unlike Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) using high speed ADCs in current fronthaul link, the proposed scheme involves ADCs operating at sub-Nyquist sampling rate for each antenna element. Based on pre-allocated relative time delays, pre-processed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) signals sent from a baseband unit (BBU) can be deaggregated to different Ma-MIMO OFDM signals by sub-Nyquist sampling rate ADCs. In experiments, we assume that each remote radio unit (RRU) is equipped with 32/64 antenna elements and 32/64 ADCs operating at 1/32 and 1/64 of the Nyquist sampling rate. Furthermore, the received Ma-MIMO OFDM signal is then up-converted to 100-GHz for wireless transmission and defined as Ma-MIMO RF OFDM signal. We simulate the 32/64 antenna elements transmission scenario by individually transmit and demodulate each Ma-MIMO RF OFDM signal with 32/64 times of point-to-point antenna transmission. The error vector magnitude (EVM) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of each received Ma-MIMO RF OFDM signal are less than 8% and 26 dB, respectively. And the total received 64 Ma-MIMO RF OFDM signals will require line rate as high as 393.6374 Gb/s according to CPRI option-7. Notably, the proposed scheme reduces the requirement of sampling rate and enables all the Ma-MIMO OFDM signals at baseband without the insertion of guard band. Thus, the proposed scheme can reduce the complexity of signal deaggregation and power consumption in the demodulation process, leading to an improvement in cost efficiency.

頁(從 - 到)236-243
期刊IEEE Access
出版狀態Published - 2022


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