We analyzed genomic aberrations in 20 cervical adenocarcinomas by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Most tissue samples (85%) showed DNA copy number changes; gains were more common than losses. The most consistent region of chromosomal gain was mapped to chromosome arm 3q, found in 70% of the cases, with a minimal common region of 3q28∼ter. Other recurrent amplifications of genetic material were detected on 17q (45%), 1p (30%), 1q (25%), and 11q (20%). High-level copy number increases were found in chromosomal regions 3q27∼ter and 9pter∼13. DNA losses were seldom observed, occurring primarily in underrepresented regions of chromosome arms 4q, 13q, and 18q. The presence of high-risk human papilloma virus genomes in the cervical adenocarcinoma samples was detected in 90% of the cases. However, there was no correlation between human papilloma virus type and the pattern of genomic changes. This study is the first report of CGH analysis in human cervical adenocarcinoma. Among the major genomic alterations, our results demonstrate the importance of DNA copy increases of chromosome arm 3q in the development of cervical adenocarcinoma and identify other amplified chromosomal regions that are also associated with cervical carcinogenesis.