Exploring dark sector parameters in light of neutron star temperatures

Guey Lin Lin, Yen Hsun Lin

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Using neutron stars (NS) as a dark matter (DM) probe has gained broad attention recently; either from heating due to DM annihilation or its stability under the presence of DM. In this work, we investigate spin-1/2 fermionic DM χ charged under the U(1)X in the dark sector. The massive gauge boson V of U(1)X gauge group can be produced in NS via DM annihilation. The produced gauge boson can decay into Standard Model (SM) particles before it exits the NS, despite its tiny couplings to SM particles. Thus, we perform a systematic study on χχ¯→2V→4SM as a new heating mechanism for NS in addition to χχ¯→2SM and kinetic heating from DM-baryon scattering. The self-trapping due to χV scattering is also considered. We assume the general framework that both kinetic and mass mixing terms between V and SM gauge bosons are present. This allows both vector and axial-vector couplings between V and SM fermions even for mV mZ. Notably, the contribution from axial-vector coupling is not negligible when particles scatter relativistically. We point out that the above approaches to DM-induced NS heating are not yet adopted in recent analyses. Detectabilities of the aforementioned effects to the NS surface temperature by the future telescopes are discussed as well.

期刊Physical Review D
出版狀態Published - 15 9月 2021


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