Herein, we report the use of β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) combined with bovine serum albumin (BSA) for the preparation of amyloid-based hydrogels with aim of delivering riboflavin. The incorporation of BSA enhanced β-LG fibrillogenesis and protected β-LG fibrils from losing fibrillar structure due to the pH shift. The mechanical properties of hydrogels were observed to be positively correlated with the number of amyloid fibrils. While the addition of BSA induced amyloid fibril formation, its presence between the fibril chains interfered with the entanglement of fibril chains, thus adversely affecting the hydrogels' mechanical properties. Hydrogels' surface microstructure became more compact as the number of amyloid fibrils rose and the presence of BSA could improve hydrogels' surface homogeneity. In vitro riboflavin (RF) release rate was found to be correlated with the number of fibrils and BSA-RF binding affinity. However, when the digestive enzymes were present, the influence of BSA-RF affinity was alleviated due to enzymes' destructive and/or degradative effects on BSA and/or hydrogels, thus the release rate relied on the number of fibrils, which could be adjusted by the amount of BSA. Results indicate that the additional component, BSA, plays an important role in modulating the properties and functions of β-LG fibril-based hydrogels.
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|International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
|Published - 1 8月 2021