Evolution of Detecting Early Onset of Alzheimer's Disease: From Neuroimaging to Optical Immunoassays

Wesley Wei Wen Hsiao, Stefanny Angela, Trong Nghia Le, Chia Chi Ku, Po Sheng Hu, Wei Hung Chiang

研究成果: Review article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a pathological disorder defined by the symptoms of memory loss and deterioration of cognitive abilities over time. Although the etiology is complex, it is mainly associated with the accumulation of toxic amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) aggregates and tau protein-induced neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Even now, creating non-invasive, sensitive, specific, and cost-effective diagnostic methods for AD remains challenging. Over the past few decades, polymers, and nanomaterials (e.g., nanodiamonds, nanogold, quantum dots) have become attractive and practical tools in nanomedicine for diagnosis and treatment. This review focuses on current developments in sensing methods such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) to boost the sensitivity in detecting related biomarkers for AD. In addition, optical analysis platforms such as ELISA and SERS have found increasing popularity among researchers due to their excellent sensitivity and specificity, which may go as low as the femtomolar range. While ELISA offers easy technological usage and high throughput, SERS has the advantages of improved mobility, simple electrical equipment integration, and lower cost. Both portable optical sensing techniques are highly superior in terms of sensitivity, specificity, human application, and practicality, enabling the early identification of AD biomarkers.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)821-845
頁數25
期刊Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
93
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023

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