Background: The nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) regulatory pathways downstream of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) play a critical role in carcinogenesis. However, the widespread influence of NFκB in cells can result in off-target effects, making it a challenging therapeutic target. Ensemble learning is a machine learning technique where multiple models are combined to improve the performance and robustness of the prediction. Accordingly, an ensemble learning model could uncover more precise targets within the NFκB/TNF signaling pathway for cancer therapy. Methods: In this study, we trained an ensemble learning model on the transcriptome profiles from 16 cancer types in the TCGA database to identify a robust set of genes that are consistently associated with the NFκB/TNF pathway in cancer. Our model uses cancer patients as features to predict the genes involved in the NFκB/TNF signaling pathway and can be adapted to predict the genes for different cancer types by switching the cancer type of patients. We also performed functional analysis, survival analysis, and a case study of triple-negative breast cancer to demonstrate our model's potential in translational cancer medicine. Results: Our model accurately identified genes regulated by NFκB in response to TNF in cancer patients. The downstream analysis showed that the identified genes are typically involved in the canonical NFκB-regulated pathways, particularly in adaptive immunity, anti-apoptosis, and cellular response to cytokine stimuli. These genes were found to have oncogenic properties and detrimental effects on patient survival. Our model also could distinguish patients with a specific cancer subtype, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which is known to be influenced by NFκB-regulated pathways downstream of TNF. Furthermore, a functional module known as mononuclear cell differentiation was identified that accurately predicts TNBC patients and poor short-term survival in non-TNBC patients, providing a potential avenue for developing precision medicine for cancer subtypes. Conclusions: In conclusion, our approach enables the discovery of genes in NFκB-regulated pathways in response to TNF and their relevance to carcinogenesis. We successfully categorized these genes into functional groups, providing valuable insights for discovering more precise and targeted cancer therapeutics.