Energy efficiency power control of cell breathing in Epon-Wimax hybrid access network

Hung Yi Teng*, Hung Chi Lai, Ren Hung Hwang


研究成果: Article同行評審


In this paper, a load balancing mechanism based on cell breathing was proposed for the hybrid EPON-WiMAX network. The hybrid EPON-WiMAX network integrates the emerging Ethernet Passive Optical Network (EPON) and Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) technologies to support high bandwidth, broadband access, mobility, and Quality of Service (QoS) guarantee. Load balancing is required due to uneven distribution of traffic among different WiMAX base stations (BS) as well as mobility of WiMAX Subscriber Station (SS). Cell breathing is a well-known load balancing technique adopted in wireless networks. By changing the transmission powers of the base stations, the cell breathing technique is able to adjust the traffic, both uplink and downlink, load of base stations. In the integrated EPON-WiMAX network, transmission powers of WiMAX base stations can be optimally allocated at the EPON optical networking unit (ONU). In this paper, we formulate the cell breathing-based load balancing problem into a linear programming problem. Our goal is to find the best power adjustment that maximizes system throughput. To alleviate the time complexity of solving the linear programming problem, we propose a Heaviest Load First Algorithm (HLFA) to obtain the near optimal solution. The solution obtained by the HLFA algorithm will not waste any transmission power to make the entire system energy-efficiency. We demonstrate the performance of HLFA via extensive simulations. The simulation results show that the HLFA can provide the best solution to achieve load balancing and enhance the system throughput as compared to existing solutions. Furthermore, HLFA maintains good performance even when the system has multiple overloaded ONU-BSs.

期刊Journal of Interconnection Networks
出版狀態Published - 2012


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