A concise, efficient continuous-wave eye-safe Nd:GdVO4/KGW Raman laser at 1525 nm is here demonstrated. A Nd:GdVO4 crystal was used to produce the fundamental field at 1341 nm and a KGW crystal generated the intracavity Stokes field at 1525 nm via wavelength conversion of stimulated Raman scattering. The output power of the Stokes field at 1525 nm could achieve 2.1 W under the pump power of 30 W. Furthermore, two different lithium triborate (LBO) crystals with critical phase matching were exploited to obtain deep-red emission at 714 nm via the intracavity sum frequency generation of 1341 and 1525 nm waves. One cutting angle was in the XY plane and the other was in the XZ plane. The empirical thermo-optical coefficients for the LBO crystal were exploited to systematically analyze the critical phase matching conditions. Numerical results revealed that the type-I phase matching angle in the XY plane was near θ = 90° and ϕ = 3.3° at room temperature, whereas the type-I phase matching angle in the XZ plane was near θ = 86.3° and ϕ = 0° at a temperature around 47 °C. The numerical values for the optimal temperatures for the two different cutting angles were found to be in good agreement with experimental results. At the pump power of 30 W, the output power at 714 nm was approximately 2.9 W by using the LBO crystal with the cutting angle in the XY plane. On the other hand, the maximum output power at 714 nm could be up to 3.2 W under the pump power of 30 W by using the cutting angle in the XZ plane. Furthermore, the linewidth of the SFG emission was confirmed to be nearly the same for the two different cutting angles. The overall linewidth could be narrower than 0.2 nm. The developed laser at 714 nm can be useful in the exploration of ionic and atomic radium isotopes with laser spectroscopy.