Effects of oxygen on the growth of metal (Ni) induced lateral crystallization (MILC) of amorphous silicon have been investigated. It is found that the oxygen in the annealing ambient did not degrade the MILC length or growth rate. The oxygen existence in Ni film does not degrade the MILC growth rate either. However, it retards the nucleation of poly-Si for about 4h. This is because that NiO needed an incubation period to be reduced to nickel metal for the subsequent mediated crystallization of a-Si process.