TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic nonprehensile manipulation for rotating a thin deformable object

T2 - An analogy to bipedal gaits

AU - Ramirez-Alpizar, Ixchel G.

AU - Higashimori, Mitsuru

AU - Kaneko, Makoto

AU - Tsai, Chia-Hung

AU - Kao, Imin

PY - 2012/1/23

Y1 - 2012/1/23

N2 - A rigid plate end-effector at the tip of a high-speed manipulator can remotely manipulate an object without grasping it. This paper discusses a dynamic nonprehensile manipulation strategy to rotate thin deformable objects on a rigid plate with two degrees of freedom (DOFs). The deformation of the object due to dynamic effects is exploited to produce fast and stable rotation. By varying the frequency of the rotational component of the plates motion, we show that the dynamic behavior of the object mimics either a sliding, walking, or running gait of a biped. We introduce a model to simulate this type of system in which the object is constructed of multiple nodes that are connected by viscoelastic joint units with three DOFs. The joints viscoelastic parameters are estimated experimentally in order to model real food. Afterward, simulation analysis is used to investigate how the objects rotational behavior and its angular velocity change with respect to the plates motion frequency. We show how the objects behavior during rotation is analogous to bipedal sliding, walking, and running gaits and then obtain optimal plate motions leading to the maximal angular velocity of the object. We also reveal that an appropriate angular acceleration of the plate is essential for a dynamically stable and fast objects rotation. We further show that the friction coefficient that maximizes the objects angular velocity depends on its gait.

AB - A rigid plate end-effector at the tip of a high-speed manipulator can remotely manipulate an object without grasping it. This paper discusses a dynamic nonprehensile manipulation strategy to rotate thin deformable objects on a rigid plate with two degrees of freedom (DOFs). The deformation of the object due to dynamic effects is exploited to produce fast and stable rotation. By varying the frequency of the rotational component of the plates motion, we show that the dynamic behavior of the object mimics either a sliding, walking, or running gait of a biped. We introduce a model to simulate this type of system in which the object is constructed of multiple nodes that are connected by viscoelastic joint units with three DOFs. The joints viscoelastic parameters are estimated experimentally in order to model real food. Afterward, simulation analysis is used to investigate how the objects rotational behavior and its angular velocity change with respect to the plates motion frequency. We show how the objects behavior during rotation is analogous to bipedal sliding, walking, and running gaits and then obtain optimal plate motions leading to the maximal angular velocity of the object. We also reveal that an appropriate angular acceleration of the plate is essential for a dynamically stable and fast objects rotation. We further show that the friction coefficient that maximizes the objects angular velocity depends on its gait.

KW - Deformable object

KW - dynamic skill

KW - nonprehensile manipulation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862000664&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TRO.2011.2181098

DO - 10.1109/TRO.2011.2181098

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84862000664

VL - 28

SP - 607

EP - 618

JO - IEEE Transactions on Robotics

JF - IEEE Transactions on Robotics

SN - 1552-3098

IS - 3

M1 - 6134684

ER -