Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Stimulation Induces Adipogenesis-Related Gene Expression of Adipose Stromal Cells

Hsiao Chi Lai, Pei Hsuan Chen, Chia Hua Tang, Lee Wei Chen*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Adipogenesis has emerged as a new therapeutic target for regulating metabolism and achieving anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects via the release of adiponectin. However, at present, the effects and mechanism of action of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) stimulation on adiponectin production and adipogenesis have not been clarified. Here, we investigated the effects of DPP4 stimulation with monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) on platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) expression in adipose tissue and blood adiponectin levels. Stromal vascular fractions (SVFs) purified from human subcutaneous adipose tissue and inguinal adipose tissue of obese and diabetic (Leprdb/db) mice were treated with 50 ng of MCP-1 and plasma from control (Lepr+/+) mice supplemented with 10 ng or 50 ng of MCP-1. Treatment of SVFs from human subcutaneous adipose tissues with 50 ng of MCP-1 significantly increased AdipoQ, DPP4, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), fatty-acid-binding protein (FABP4), and SERBF1 mRNA expression. MCP-1-supplemented plasma increased adiponectin, CCAAT-Enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), DPP4, IL-33, and PDGFRα mRNA expression and adiponectin and DPP4 protein expression, while decreasing the expression of IL-10 mRNA in SVFs compared with the levels in the plasma treatment group. MCP-1-supplemented plasma was shown to increase PPARγ, PPARγ2, adiponectin, DPP4, and FABP4 and decrease IL-10 mRNA expression in PDGFRα cells from adipose tissue. Meanwhile, MCP-1-supplemented plasma increased MCP-1, PDGFRα, TNFα, adiponectin, and IL-1β and decreased IL-10 and FOXP3 mRNA expression in DPP4 cells. Moreover, the injection of MCP-1-supplemented plasma into adipose tissue increased the proportion of DPP4+ cells among PDGFRα+ cells from adipose tissue and plasma adiponectin levels of Leprdb/db mice compared with the levels in the plasma injection group. Our results demonstrate that DPP4+ cells are important adipose progenitor cells. Stimulation of DPP4 with MCP-1 increases adipogenesis-related gene expression and the population of DPP4+ cells among PDGFRα+ cells in SVFs and blood adiponectin levels. DPP4 stimulation could be a novel therapy to increase local adipogenesis and systemic adiponectin levels.

原文English
文章編號16101
期刊International Journal Of Molecular Sciences
24
發行號22
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 11月 2023

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