The effects of carboxyfullerene on a well-known neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its active metabolite 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium (MPP+) were investigated. In chloral hydrate-anesthetized rats, cytosolic cytochrome c was elevated in the infused substantia nigra 4h after an intranigral infusion of MPP+. Five days after local application of MPP+, lipid peroxidation (LP) was elevated in the infused substantia nigra. Furthermore, dopamine content and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive axons were reduced in the ipsilateral striatum. Concomitant intranigral infusion of carboxyfullerene abolished the elevation in cytochrome c and oxidative injuries induced by MPP+. In contrast, systemic application of carboxyfullerene did not prevent neurotoxicity induced by intraperitoneal injection of MPTP. In mice, systemic administration of MPTP induced a dose-dependent depletion in striatal dopamine content. Simultaneous injection of carboxyfullerene (10mg/kg) actually potentiated MPTP-induced reduction in striatal dopamine content. Furthermore, systemic administration of carboxyfullerene (30mg/kg) caused death in the MPTP-treated mice. An increase in the striatal MPP+ level and reduction in hepatic P450 level were observed in the carboxyfullerene co-treated mice. These data showed that systemic application of carboxyfullerene appears to potentiate MPTP-induced neurotoxicity while local carboxyfullerene has been suggested as a neuroprotective agent. Furthermore, an increase in striatal MPP+ level may contribute to the potentiation by carboxyfullerene of MPTP-induced neurotoxicity.
|頁（從 - 到）||99-105|
|出版狀態||Published - 1月 2004|