Diagnosis of Osteoporosis by Quantifying Volumetric Bone Mineral Density of Lumbar Vertebrae Using Abdominal CT Images and Two-Compartment Model

Po Chieh Hsu, Dmytro Luzhbin, Tia Yu Shih, Jay Wu*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

With the aging population, osteoporosis has become an important public health issue. The purpose of this study was to establish a two-compartment model (TCM) to quantify the volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) of the lumbar spine using abdominal computed tomography (CT) images. The TCM approach uses water as the bone marrow equivalent and K2HPO4 solution as the cortical bone equivalent. A phantom study was performed to evaluate the accuracy of vBMD estimation at 100 kVp and 120 kVp. The data of 180 patients who underwent abdominal CT imaging and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) within one month were retrospectively collected. vBMD of L1–L4 vertebrae were calculated, and the receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to establish the diagnostic thresholds for osteoporosis and osteopenia in terms of vBMD. The average difference between the measured vBMD following TCM and the theoretical vBMD of the self-made phantom was 0.2%, and the maximum difference was 0.5%. vBMD of lumbar vertebrae obtained from TCM and aBMD obtained by DXA had a significant positive correlation (r = 0.655 to 0.723). The average diagnostic threshold for osteoporosis was 0.116 g/cm3. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 95.7%, 75.6.5%, and 80.0%, respectively. The average diagnostic threshold for osteopenia was 0.126 g/cm3. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 81.3%, 82.5%, and 82.7%, respectively. The aforementioned threshold values were used to perform the diagnostics on a test cohort, and the performance was equivalent to that in the experimental cohort. From the perspective of preventive medicine, opportunistic screening of bone mineral density using abdominal CT images and the TCM approach can facilitate early detection of osteoporosis and osteopenia and, with in-time treatment, slow down their progression.

原文English
文章編號556
期刊Healthcare (Switzerland)
11
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2月 2023

指紋

深入研究「Diagnosis of Osteoporosis by Quantifying Volumetric Bone Mineral Density of Lumbar Vertebrae Using Abdominal CT Images and Two-Compartment Model」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此