Development of deep learning algorithms to discriminate giant cell tumors of bone from adjacent normal tissues by confocal Raman spectroscopy

Carol P.Y. Lau, Wenao Ma, Kwan Yau Law, Maribel D. Lacambra, Kwok Chuen Wong, Chien Wei Lee, Oscar K. Lee, Qi Dou*, Shekhar M. Kumta

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Raman spectroscopy is a non-destructive analysis technique that provides detailed information about the chemical structure of tumors. Raman spectra of 52 giant cell tumors of bone (GCTB) and 21 adjacent normal tissues of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) and frozen specimens were obtained using a confocal Raman spectrometer and analyzed with machine learning and deep learning algorithms. We discovered characteristic Raman shifts in the GCTB specimens. They were assigned to phenylalanine and tyrosine. Based on the spectroscopic data, classification algorithms including support vector machine, k-nearest neighbors and long short-term memory (LSTM) were successfully applied to discriminate GCTB from adjacent normal tissues of both the FFPE and frozen specimens, with the accuracy ranging from 82.8% to 94.5%. Importantly, our LSTM algorithm showed the best performance in the discrimination of the frozen specimens, with a sensitivity and specificity of 93.9% and 95.1% respectively, and the AUC was 0.97. The results of our study suggest that confocal Raman spectroscopy accomplished by the LSTM network could non-destructively evaluate a tumor margin by its inherent biochemical specificity which may allow intraoperative assessment of the adequacy of tumor clearance.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1425-1439
頁數15
期刊Analyst
147
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 11 1月 2022

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