Determination of the Volume Changes Occurring for Conversion/Alloying-Type Li-Ion Anodes upon Lithiation/Delithiation

Jakob Asenbauer, Matthias Kuenzel, Tobias Eisenmann, Adele Birrozzi, Jeng-Kuei Chang, Stefano Passerini, Dominic Bresser

研究成果: Article同行評審

12 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

High-capacity lithium-ion anodes such as alloying-, conversion-, and conversion/alloying-type materials are subjected to extensive volume variation upon lithiation/delithiation. However, a careful examination of these processes at the particle and electrode level as well as the impact of the kind of lithium-ion uptake mechanism is still missing. Herein, we investigated the volume variation upon lithiation/delithiation for a series of conversion/alloying materials with a varying relative contribution of the alloying and conversion reaction, i.e., carbon-coated ZnFe2O4, Zn0.9Fe0.1O, and Sn0.9Fe0.1O2 by operando dilatometry and ex situ scanning electron microscopy of the electrode cross section. While the theoretical estimation at the particle level indicates a rather large volume expansion of 113% (ZnFe2O4) and more, the true volume variation on the electrode level reveals very limited changes of only around 11% (ZnFe2O4). Combining the experimental findings with some theoretical considerations highlights the (to a certain extent unexpected) impact of the initial electrode porosity.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)8238-8245
頁數8
期刊The journal of physical chemistry letters
11
發行號19
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 10月 2020

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