Detection of circulating IgG autoantibody to FcεRIα in sera from chronic spontaneous urticaria patients

Bastsetseg Ulambayar, Yi Hsing Chen, Ga Young Ban, Ji Ho Lee, Chang Gyu Jung, Eun Mi Yang, Hae Sim Park, Young Min Ye*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

22 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Backgrounds: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common skin disorder characterized by itchy wheals of at least 6 weeks in duration, wherein the autoimmune mechanism is involved to activate IgE receptors (FcεRIα) on mast cells. We aimed to assess levels of IgG autoantibody against FcεRIα in sera from CSU patients using dot-blot immunoassay. Methods: We performed a hospital-based cross-sectional study of 125 CSU patients (64 ASST-positive, 61 ASST-negative) and 64 age-and sex-matched healthy controls. The cut-off value of IgG FcεRIα autoantibody was determined as the mean intensity plus two standard deviations of values in controls. Positivity for IgG autoantibody to FcεRIα was analyzed according to clinical parameters of disease duration, urticaria activity score (UAS), ASST, response to antihistamine treatment, complement levels, and the presence of other autoantibodies. Nonparametric tests were applied for statistical analyses. Results: IgG positivity to FcεRIα was noted in 24.8% of CSU patients and was significantly more frequent in ASST-positive patients than in ASST-negative patients (32.8% vs 16.4%, P = 0.040). Only 3.1% of healthy controls had this autoantibody. Complement 3 levels were significantly lower in anti-FcεRIα antibody-positive patients than antibody-negative patients (109.8 ± 19.9 vs 123.1 ± 30.9, P = 0.035). No significant associations were found between IgG positivity to FcεRIα and UAS, serum total IgE levels, atopic status, clinical responses to antihistamines, or the presence of anti-thyroid and anti-nuclear antibodies. Conclusion: These findings suggest that circulating IgG autoantibody to FcεRIα in a subset of patients may be involved in the autoimmune mechanism of CSU. Further studies are needed to clarify its clinical significance.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)141-147
頁數7
期刊Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
53
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2月 2020

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