With the advancements in tissue engineering and three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting, physiologically relevant three-dimensional structures with suitable mechanical and bioactive properties that mimic the biological tissue can be designed and fabricated. However, the available bioinks are less than demanded. In this research, the readily available biomass sources, keratin and glycol chitosan, were selected to develop a UV-curable hydrogel that is feasible for the 3D bioprinting process. Keratin methacrylate and glycol chitosan methacrylate were synthesized, and a hybrid bioink was created by combining this protein-polysaccharide cross-linked hydrogel. While human hair keratin could provide biological functions, the other composition, glycol chitosan, could further enhance the mechanical strength of the construct. The mechanical properties, degradation profile, swelling behavior, cell viability, and proliferation were investigated with various ratios of keratin methacrylate to glycol chitosan methacrylate. The composition of 2% (w/v) keratin methacrylate and 2% (w/v) chitosan methacrylate showed a significantly higher cell number and swelling percentage than other compositions and was designated as the bioink for 3D printing afterward. The feasibility of stem cell loading in the selected formula was examined with an extrusion-based bioprinter. The cells and spheroids can be successfully printed with the synthesized bioink into a specific shape and cultured. This work provides a potential option for bioinks and delivers insights into personalization research on stem cell-laden biofabricated hydrogels in the future.