Decreased tongue pressure associated with aging, chewing and swallowing difficulties of community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan

Hsiu Yueh Liu, Jen Hao Chen, Kun Jung Hsu, Ching Teng Yao, Ping Ho Chen, Szu Yu Hsiao, Chun Li Lin*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

9 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Personalized tongue pressure (TP) training focuses on improving swallowing. This study aims to establish the TP values of different age levels and compare changes between different swallowing status among community-dwelling elders. In this cross-sectional study, 1000 participants, aged 60 years old and above, were recruited from community care centers. All participants were classified into non chewing and/or swallowing difficulties (NCSD) and with chewing and/or swallowing difficulties (CSD) groups and their diseases and dieting status were recorded using a structured questionnaire. A disposable oral probe was used to measure TP by asking participants to compress it against the hard palate with maximum voluntary effort. Among 1000 elders, 63.10% had CSD and their TP (from 31.76 to 18.20 kPa) was lower than the NCSD group (from 33.56 to 24.51 kPa). Both groups showed the same tendency for TP decline with increasing age. Decline of TP makes CSD elderly have a poor appetite, eat a soft or liquid diet, and take longer to eat a meal (all p < 0.050). The secondary risk factor dominating TP decline for NCSD and CSD elders is having an education level less than primary school and an abnormal eating assessment, respectively. Our results demonstrated that TP decline has a significant relationship with age changes. Education level and an abnormal eating assessment score are closely associated with TP decline. A series of TP values can be used as a reference indicator of personalized medicine during the aging process among community-dwelling older adults.

原文English
文章編號653
期刊Journal of Personalized Medicine
11
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 7月 2021

指紋

深入研究「Decreased tongue pressure associated with aging, chewing and swallowing difficulties of community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此