D-mannose-sensitive pilus of Acinetobacter baumannii is linked to biofilm formation and adherence onto respiratory tract epithelial cells

Chyi Liang Chen, Anna Dudek, Yi Hua Liang, Rajendra Prasad Janapatla, Hao Yuan Lee, Long Hsu, Han Yueh Kuo, Cheng Hsun Chiu*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background/Purpose: Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen. To better understand the role of CsuA/BABCDE pilus of A. baumannii in virulence, bacterial biofilm formation, adherence and carbohydrate-mediated inhibition were conducted. Methods: CsuA/BABCDE pilus-producing (abbreviated Csu pilus) operon of A. baumannii ATCC17978 was cloned for analysis of biofilm formation on an abiotic plastic plate, bacterial adherence to respiratory epithelial human A549 cells and carbohydrate-mediated inhibition. The carbohydrates used for inhibition of biofilm formation and adherence to A549 cells included monosaccharides, pyranosides, and mannose-polymers. Results: The Csu pilus of A. baumannii ATCC17978 was cloned and expressed into a non-pilus-producing Escherichia coli JM109, and was knocked out as well. The recombinant Csu (rCsu) pilus on E. coli JM109/rCsu pilus-producing clone observed by both electro-microscopy and atomic force microscopy showed abundant, while Csu-knockout A. baumannii ATCC17978 mutant appeared less or no pilus production. The E. coli JM109/rCsu pilus-producing clone significantly increased biofilm formation and adherence to A549 cells; however, the Csu-knockout mutant dramatically lost biofilm-making ability but, in contrast, increased adherence. Moreover, both of biofilm formation and adherence could be significantly inhibited by D-mannose and methyl-α-D-mannopyranoside in Csu pilus-producing E. coli JM109, whereas in A. baumannii ATCC17978, high concentration of carbohydrates was required for the inhibition, suggesting that Csu pilus is sensitive to D-mannose. Conclusion: This is the first study confirming that Csu pilus of A. baumannii belongs to mannose-sensitive type 1 pilus family and contributes to biofilm formation and bacterial adherence to human epithelial cells.

原文English
期刊Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
DOIs
出版狀態E-pub ahead of print - 10 2月 2021

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