Cysteine-cysteine Chemokine Receptor Type 5 Plays a Critical Role in Exercise Performance by Regulating Mitochondrial Content in Skeletal Muscle

Chien Wei Chen, Luen Kui Chen, Yi Ting Chung, Shui Yu Liu, Shuoh Wen Chen, Yuan I. Chang, Po Shiuan Hsieh, Chi Chang Juan*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Cysteine-cysteine chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) is thought to play an important role in the trafficking of lymphoid cells but has recently also been associated with AMPK signaling pathways that are implicated in energy metabolism in skeletal muscle. We hypothesized that genetic deletions of CCR5 would alter mitochondria content and exercise performance in mice. CCR5−/− and wild-type mice with the same genetic background were subjected to endurance exercise and grip strength tests. The soleus muscle was stained with immunofluorescence for myosin heavy chain 7 (MYH7) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) analysis as well as the expression of genes associated with muscle atrophy and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation were measured using qPCR. Although there were no differences in the weight of the soleus muscle between the CCR5−/− group and the wild-type mice, the CCR5−/− mice showed the following muscular dysfunctions: (i) decreased MYH7 percentage and cross-section area, (ii) higher myostatin and atrogin-1 mRNA levels, (iii) dropped expression of mitochondrial DNA-encoded electron respiratory chain genes (cytochrome B, cytochrome c oxidase subunit III, and ATP synthase subunit 6) as well as mitochondrial generation genes (PPARγ and PGC-1α), and (iv) lower SDH activity and exercise performance when compared with wild-type mice. In addition, genes associated with mitochondrial biogenesis (PGC-1α, PPARγ, and MFN2) and mitochondrial complex (ND4 and Cytb) were upregulated when the skeletal muscle cell line C2C12 was exposed to cysteine-cysteine chemokine ligand 4 (a ligand of CCR5) in vitro. These findings suggested that attenuation of endurance exercise performance is related to the loss of mitochondrial content and lower SDH activity of soleus muscle in CCR5 knockout mice. The present study provides evidence indicating that the chemokine receptor CCR5 might modulate the skeletal muscle metabolic energy system during exercise.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)2089-2101
頁數13
期刊Inflammation
46
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 2023

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