Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of a New Second-Line Treatment Regimen for Advanced Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Biomarker-Driven Targeted Therapy of Pemigatinib Versus 5-FU Chemotherapy

Chen Han Chueh, Yi-Wen Tsai*, Zi Rong Chen, Ming Neng Shiu, Yu Wen Wen, Nai Jung Chiang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background and Objectives: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommends a second-line treatment of pemigatinib for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusions/rearrangements and modified FOLFOX (mFOLFOX) for those without FGFR2 alterations. However, these regimens are not yet covered by Taiwa’s National Health Insurance. This cost-effectiveness analysis evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the pemigatinib/mFOLFOX regimen as the second-line treatment for advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma based on FGFR2 status in comparison with the regimen of fluorouracil chemotherapy and provided a cost-effectiveness analysis-based reference price for pemigatinib. Methods: A three-state partitioned survival model with a 5-year time horizon was constructed for patients with advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma who did not respond to first-line therapy. Overall and progression-free survival functions of pemigatinib, mFOLFOX, and fluorouracil were estimated from the FIGHT-202, ABC-06, and NIFTY trials, respectively. The utility of health states and disutility of adverse events were obtained from the literature. The genetic testing fee and price of pemigatinib were set as the market price. Other costs related to advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma were calculated using National Health Insurance claims data. The willingness-to-pay threshold was three times the gross domestic product per capita in 2021 (NT$2,889,684). A 3% discount rate was applied to quality-adjusted life-years and costs. Scenario analyses included a gradual price reduction of pemigatinib, alternative survival models, application of a National Health Insurance payment conversion factor to non-medication costs, and consideration of life-years as effectiveness. A deterministic sensitivity analysis, probabilistic sensitivity analysis, and a value of information analysis were performed. Results: The new regimen provided an incremental 0.13 quality-adjusted life-years, with incremental costs of NT$459,697, yielding an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of NT$3,411,098 per quality-adjusted life-year and an incremental net monetary benefit of − NT$70,268. The new regimen was found to be 53.2% cost effective in the probabilistic sensitivity analysis. The expected value of uncertainty measured by the expected value of perfect information was NT$80,695/person. In scenario analyses, the incremental net monetary benefit was positive when the price of pemigatinib was reduced by 40% or more. When applying a conversion factor to non-medical costs, the probability of the new regimen being cost effective was slightly increased from 53.2 to 56.5% compared with the base-case analysis. The utility and the cost of the new regimen were the main drivers of uncertainty. Conclusions: Although the new second-line genetic-based and biomarker-driven regimen of pemigatinib/mFOLFOX appears not cost effective for patients with advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the base-case analysis, our analysis suggests it is highly likely to be cost effective in the case of a 40% price reduction on pemigatinib.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)307-319
期刊PharmacoEconomics
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 3月 2023

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