Correlation of N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide with postoperative outcomes of older patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Ying Ching Huang, Hsiao Huang Chang, Po Lin Chen, Chi Ming Chu, Jen Chen Tsai, Kwua Yun Wang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement surgery (TAVR) are typically older adults with multiple chronic diseases and therefore have a high surgical risk. The N-terminal of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and pro-BNP, referred to as NT-pro-BNP, is an easily measurable biomarker of heart failure. Studies on correlation between higher NT-pro-BNP levels and adverse prognoses after TAVR have yielded inconsistent results. Here, we investigated whether preoperative NT-pro-BNP levels are correlated with outcomes among older adults undergoing TAVR. Methods: This retrospective study included older adults with severe aortic stenosis (AS) who received TAVR from a medical center between January 2013 and June 2017. The patients' demographics, preoperative laboratory data, postoperative complications, and 1-year mortality were recorded. They were divided into two groups based on their preoperative NT-pro-BNP levels. The post-TAVR outcomes in the two groups were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression analysis of the binary results. Results: Of the 132 patients included (mean age: 81.5 ± 8.1 years; 47% men), 96 (72.7%) had preoperative NT-pro-BNP levels ≤ 4853 ng/L, and 36 (27.3%) had preoperative NT-pro-BNP levels > 4853 ng/L. The postoperative outcomes were significantly better in the NT-pro-BNP≤4853 group than in the NT-pro-BNP>4853 group: postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation fittings (4.2% vs 16.7%, p = 0.025), number of days in hospital (17.5 ± 21.0 vs 27 ± 17.0, p = 0.009), in-hospital mortality (4.2% vs 16.7%, p = 0.025), and 1-year mortality (11.5% vs 38.9%, p = 0.001); the significant differences persisted after controlling for other variables. Conclusion: For older patients undergoing TAVR with NT-pro-BNP levels > 4853 ng/L, their postoperative outcomes and 1-year mortality were correlated. Thus, NT-pro-BNP is useful for the risk assessment of patients undergoing TAVR and should be regarded as a biomarker in future risk assessments.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)479-484
頁數6
期刊Journal of the Chinese Medical Association
86
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 5月 2023

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