Electrolyte is a key component in high-voltage lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-based ionic liquid (IL)/organic carbonate hybrid electrolytes have been a research focus owing to their excellent balance of safety and ionic conductivity. Nevertheless, corrosion of Al current collectors at high potentials usually happens for this kind of electrolyte. In this study, this long-standing problem is solved via the modulation of the IL/carbonate ratio and LiPF6 concentration in the hybrid electrolyte. The proposed electrolyte suppresses Al dissolution and electrolyte oxidation at 5 V (vs Li+/Li) and thus allows for ideal lithiation/delithiation performance of a high-voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) cathode even at 55 °C. The underlying mechanism is examined in this work. Excellent cycling stability (97% capacity retention) for an LNMO cathode after 300 cycles is achieved. This electrolyte shows good wettability toward a polyethylene separator and low flammability. In addition, satisfactory compatibility with both graphite and Si-based anodes is confirmed. The proposed electrolyte design strategies have great potential for applications in high-voltage LIBs.