Comparisons of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores for stroke risk stratification in atrial fibrillation: Which scoring system should be used for Asians?

Tze Fan Chao, Chia Jen Liu, Ta Chuan Tuan, Su Jung Chen, Kang Ling Wang, Yenn Jiang Lin, Shih Lin Chang*, Li Wei Lo, Yu Feng Hu, Tzeng Ji Chen, Chern En Chiang, Shih Ann Chen

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

70 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background Both U.S. and European guidelines recommend use of the CHA2DS2-VASc rather than CHADS2 score for stroke risk stratification in atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the CHA2DS2-VASc score has not been proved to be better than CHADS2 score for Asians in a large-scale study. Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracies of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in predicting ischemic stroke in Chinese patients. Methods This study used the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. A total of 186,570 AF patients without antithrombotic therapies were selected as the study cohort. The clinical end-point was occurrence of ischemic stroke. Results During follow-up of 3.4 ± 3.7 years, 23,723 patients (12.7%) experienced ischemic stroke. The CHA2DS2-VASc score performed better than CHADS2 score in predicting ischemic stroke assessed by c-indexes (0.698 vs 0.659, P <.0001). Among 25,286 patients with a CHADS2 score of 0, the CHA2DS2-VASc score ranged from 0 to 3, and the annual stroke rate ranged from 1.15% to 4.47%. Compared to patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0, the hazard ratio of ischemic stroke for patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 3 was 3.998. Conclusion Patients with a CHADS2 score of 0 were not necessarily "low risk," and the annual stroke rate can be as high as 4.47% when patients were further stratified by the CHA2DS2-VASc score. In contrast, patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0 had a truly low risk of ischemic stroke, with an annual stroke rate around 1.15%. As with Caucasians, the CHA2DS2-VASc score should be used for stroke risk stratification in Asians.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)46-53
頁數8
期刊Heart Rhythm
13
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 1月 2016

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