Combination of enoxaparin and low-dose aspirin for thromboprophylaxis in selective patients after primary total joint arthroplasty in a Taiwanese population

Shang Wen Tsai, Wei Lin Chang, Fu Yuan Pai, Te Feng Arthur Chou, Cheng Fong Chen, Po Kuei Wu, Wei Ming Chen*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: The incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) procedures are lower in Asian populations than in Caucasian populations. Therefore, the need for thromboprophylaxis in Asian patients undergoing TJA remains inconclusive. The aim of this study was to validate the clinical outcomes of thromboprophylaxis in selective TJA patients in a Taiwanese population. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients who underwent TJA procedures performed by a single-surgeon between January 2010 through December 2019. Patients received thromboprophylaxis with a combination of enoxaparin and low-dose aspirin if they fulfilled any of the following criteria: 1) body mass index >30 (kg/m2), 2) presence of varicose veins, 3) history of DVT or PE, or 4) simultaneous bilateral TJA procedure. We assessed the incidence of DVT and PE, 90-day postoperative complications, length of stay, in-hospital mortality, 30-day and 90-day readmission, and 1-year reoperation. Results: Of the 7511 patients included in this study, 2295 (30.6%) patients received thromboprophylaxis. For patients who received thromboprophylaxis(N = 2295), the incidence of DVT and PE were 0.44% and 0%, respectively. For patients who did not receive thromboprophylaxis (N = 5216), the incidence of DVT and PE was 0.46% and 0.04%, respectively. The overall rates of 90-day postoperative complications (2.3%), 30-day (1.8%) and 90-day readmission (2.3%), and 1-year reoperation (1.1%) were low. Conclusion: Providing thromboprophylaxis for selective TJA patients within the Taiwanese population was effective, as indicated by the low incidence of DVT and PE. Complications, such as surgical site infection, should be carefully weighed and managed.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)923-929
頁數7
期刊Journal of the Chinese Medical Association
86
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 10月 2023

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