Combination immunosuppressant therapy and lupus nephritis outcome: a hospital-based study

Y. M. Chen, W. T. Hung, Y. W. Liao, C. Y. Hsu, T. Y. Hsieh, H. H. Chen, C. W. Hsieh, C. T. Lin, K. L. Lai, K. T. Tang, C. W. Tseng, W. N. Huang, Y. H. Chen*


研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Lupus nephritis (LN) is the leading cause of mortality in lupus patients. This study aimed to investigate the treatment outcome and renal histological risk factors of LN in a tertiary referral center. Between 2006 and 2017, a retrospective observational study enrolled 148 biopsy-proven LN patients. After propensity score matching, 75 cases were included for further analysis. The classification and scoring of LN were assessed according to the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society. Treatment response was evaluated by daily urine protein and urinalysis at two years after commencing induction treatment and the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In total, 50.7% patients achieved complete remission (CR) or partial remission (PR), while 49.3% patients were categorized as nonresponders. Therapeutic responses in terms of CR/PR rates were associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index scores (odds ratio (OR): 1.34, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12–1.60, p = 0.001). Moreover, higher baseline creatinine levels (hazard ratio (HR): 2.10, 95% CI: 1.29–3.40, p = 0.003), higher renal activity index (HR: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.07–1.58, p = 0.008) and chronicity index (HR: 1.40, 95% CI: 1.06–1.85, p = 0.017) predicted ESRD. Among pathological scores, cellular crescents (HR: 4.42, 95% CI: 1.01–19.38, p = 0.049) and fibrous crescents (HR: 5.93, 95% CI: 1.41–24.92, p = 0.015) were independent risk factors for ESRD. In conclusion, higher lupus activity was a good prognostic marker for renal remission. Renal histology was predictive of ESRD. Large-scale prospective studies are required to verify the efficacy of mycophenolate in combination with azathioprine or cyclosporine in LN patients.

頁(從 - 到)658-666
出版狀態Published - 1 4月 2019


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