Cohort-Based Identification of Predictors of Symptomatic Intracerebral Hemorrhage After IV Thrombolysis

David Asuzu, Karin Nyström, Hardik Amin, Joseph Schindler, Charles Wira, David Greer, Nai Fang Chi, Janet Halliday, Kevin N. Sheth*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Introduction: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) is a serious complication of IV rt-PA therapy after acute ischemic stroke. Independent sICH predictors have been previously derived using case–control studies. Here we utilized a novel cohort-based comparison to identify additional independent predictors of sICH. Methods: We included 210 patients receiving IV rt-PA therapy from January 2009 through December 2013 at the Yale-New Haven Stroke Center. Clinical parameters were compared using Mann–Whitney tests, two-sample tests of proportions and two-sample t tests. Logistic regression was performed using sICH as the dependent variable. Predictive ability was assessed using areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: sICH rates were lowest from 2010 to 2012 and comprised the low sICH cohort (2.0 % sICH), compared to the high sICH cohort from 2009 to 2013 (9.2 % sICH, P = 0.025). Patients in the low sICH cohort had significantly more visual field deficits (38.6 vs. 24.8 %, P = 0.03) and decreased levels of consciousness (62.4 vs. 39.4 %, P < 0.001), but fewer hyperdense MCA signs (5 vs. 13.8 %, P = 0.03) and early CT hypodensities (14.9 vs. 29.4 %, P = 0.01). These four parameters together predicted sICH modestly (area under ROC curve 0.66, odds ratio 2.72, P = 0.03) Conclusions: Using a novel cohort-based approach, we identified two new independent predictors of sICH after IV rt-PA therapy: the presence of the hyperdense MCA sign and early CT hypodensities. Novel methods are needed to reduce the risk of sICH for patients receiving antithrombolytic therapy for ischemic stroke.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)394-400
頁數7
期刊Neurocritical Care
23
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 12月 2015

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