Clinical correlates and diagnostic utility of osmophobia in migraine

Yen Feng Wang, Jong Ling Fuh, Shih Pin Chen, Jaw Ching Wu, Shuu Jiun Wang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

46 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Osmophobia is an under-investigated associated symptom in migraine.Objective: To evaluate the clinical correlates and diagnostic utility of osmophobia.Methods: Adult patients with migraine (with or without aura), probable migraine (PM), tension-type headache (TTH), and cluster headache (CH) were recruited retrospectively from our headache registration system. Migraine patients with and without osmophobia were compared. The newly proposed criteria for migraine requiring at least two of photo-, phono-, or osmophobia instead of both photo- and phonophobia were validated.Results: In total, 2883 patients were included: 1809 migraine, 792 PM, 138 TTH, and 144 CH. Osmophobia was more common in migraine (62.2%) than in PM (33.8%), TTH (14.5%), and CH (31.3%) (all p < 0.001). Migraine patients with osmophobia scored higher on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) than those without (15.6 ± 7.6 vs. 13.3 ± 7.8, p < 0.001). The concordance in headache diagnoses between ICHD-2 (International Classification of Headache Disorders, Second Edition) and the newly proposed criteria was "almost perfect" (κ = 0.886, p < 0.001). Additionally, 16.9% of ICHD-2 PM patients were reclassified as migraine using the newly proposed criteria.Conclusions: Osmophobia was prevalent in migraineurs, and was associated with higher HADS scores. The newly proposed criteria appear comparable to the ICHD-2 criteria, and may increase the diagnostic yield for Asian migraineurs, among whom photophobia was less common.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1180-1188
頁數9
期刊Cephalalgia
32
發行號16
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 2012

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