Clinical characteristics of neutropenic patients under antithyroid drug: Twelve-year experience in a medical center

Chih Hsueh Tseng, Chi Lung Tseng, Harn Shen Chen, Pei Lung Chen, Chun Jui Huang*


研究成果: Article同行評審


Background: Thionamide-induced agranulocytosis (TiA) is a rare adverse event with a reported incidence of approximately 0.1% to 1.75%. Prompt recognition of TiA is critical to reduce the mortality rate. However, the differential diagnosis between cases of TiA and non-TiA neutropenia can be challenging due to the potential simultaneous involvement of other causes of neutropenia, such as concomitant chemotherapy, liver dysfunction, or infection. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible factors associated with the development of TiA. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients treated with antithyroid drugs (ATDs) in Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, from 2006 to 2018. Patients who developed a neutropenic event during treatment with ATDs were identified from their medical records. The diagnosis of TiA was based on the following: (1) development of neutropenia during treatment or within 7 days after previous exposure to the same ATDs; (2) complete resolution of neutropenia within 1 month after discontinuation of the culprit drug with an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1500/μL; and (3) exclusion of other causes of neutropenia. The incidence and risk factors of TiA were analyzed and compared with those of non-TiA neutropenia. Results: Among 6644 patients treated with ATDs, 66 (mean age: 53 ± 15 years; 16.2% men) developed a neutropenic event and 20 were diagnosed with TiA (incidence: 0.3%). In the univariate analysis, compared with non-TiA neutropenia, TiA was associated with a lower Charlson Comorbidity Index, shorter treatment duration, lower cumulative ATD dosage, higher ATD dosage, higher ANC, and higher levels of free T4 at the time of the neutropenic event. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age, gender and the time to neutropenia, the cumulative ATD dose to neutropenia and ATD dosage at the time of the neutropenic event, Charlson Comorbidity Index, free T4 levels (odds ratio [OR], 4.44; 95% CI, 1.48-13.25), and ANC (OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 1.00-1.01) remained independently associated with TiA. Conclusion: Patients with TiA were more likely to have higher levels of free T4 and ANC at the time of the neutropenic event vs those with non-TiA neutropenia.

頁(從 - 到)826-834
期刊Journal of the Chinese Medical Association
出版狀態Published - 1 9月 2023


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