Chronic Kidney Disease Survival Prediction with Artificial Neural Networks

Hanyu Zhang, Che Lun Hung, William Cheng Chung Chu, Ping Fang Chiu, Chuan Yi Tang

研究成果: Conference contribution同行評審

28 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The main objective of this work is to investigate the performance of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models while applying to the survivability prediction on Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients. Chronic kidney disease patients suffer from losing the primary function of the kidney, i.e., blood filtration, gradually over time. At the end stage, regular hemodialysis or kidney transplant are required to survive. During the process of disease development, patients may also suffer from complications of acidosis, anemia, diabetes, high blood pressure or neuropathy, etc., which in turn affects patients' quotidian life. It is reported that the median survival time of late-stage patients is only about 3 years. Evaluating precisely the condition of patients is of great importance as it would greatly help to decide appropriate care, medications or medical interventions needed, which among them have a complex interrelationship and influence the outcome of the individual patient. An accurate prediction model would hopefully be able to fit into that role and may be used to revise current treatment. However, due to the complex nature of the problem, as multiple interrelated factors may influence the patient's survival, finding such a model is a challenging task. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI), especially the deep learning technique has become a thriving field, owing to the rise of computational capability. As the approach needs no human specialist in specifying explicit knowledge in advance, but gathers knowledge automatically from amounts of data by building a hierarchy of concepts with complicated ones upon simpler ones, it has already been applied successfully in intuitive problems, like understanding speeches or images, making diagnoses in medicine or self-driving cars, etc. And conversely, technological advancements have been made available through practical applications, profiting from which we may develop prediction models for chronic kidney disease survivability. In this research, data preprocessing, data transformations, and artificial neural networks are used to establish the mapping from many clinical factors to the patient's survival. The computational results are also reported in the paper.

原文English
主出版物標題Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2018
編輯Harald Schmidt, David Griol, Haiying Wang, Jan Baumbach, Huiru Zheng, Zoraida Callejas, Xiaohua Hu, Julie Dickerson, Le Zhang
發行者Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
頁面1351-1356
頁數6
ISBN(電子)9781538654880
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 21 1月 2019
事件2018 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2018 - Madrid, Spain
持續時間: 3 12月 20186 12月 2018

出版系列

名字Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2018

Conference

Conference2018 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2018
國家/地區Spain
城市Madrid
期間3/12/186/12/18

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