Changes in intraocular pressure after pharmacological pupil dilatation in an elderly Chinese population in Taiwan: The Shihpai eye study

Tung Mei Kuang, Su Ying Tsai*, Catherine Jiu Ling Liu, Shui Mei Lee, Pesus Chou

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Mydriatic drugs are often used in ophthalmic clinics for pupil dilatation to assess the optic nerve and retina. Clinical studies have indicated that an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) after pupil dilation is noted in open-angle glaucoma patients, those with narrow angles and in normal subjects. Asians are more likely to have narrow angles. Moreover, age-related cataract may increase the crowdedness of the angle. This study aimed to assess the effects of mydriatic pupil dilatation on IOP in an elderly Chinese population. Methods: The Shihpai Eye Study was a community-based, cross-sectional survey of vision and eye diseases among noninstitutionalized subjects aged 65 years and older in Shihpai, Taipei, Taiwan. IOP was taken using noncontact tonometry. The pupil was dilated with 1% tropicamide. IOP was measured again after maximal pupil dilatation 1 hour after mydriasis. Results: Of the 2045 participants, 1361 (66.6%) participated in both the questionnaire and eye examinations. The mean IOP before pupil dilatation was 12.9 ± 3.1 mmHg and was 12.8 ± 3.4 mmHg (range: 5-36 mmHg) after pupil dilatation. IOP higher than 21 mmHg after pupil dilation was noted in 17 (1.34%) participants, of whom IOP exceeded 30 mmHg in two (0.16%). Overall, the changes in IOP before and after pupil dilatation were insignificant (p = 0.04). In the final regression analyses, refractive status toward hyperopia (p < 0.01) was the only significant factor associated with an increase in IOP of at least 4 mmHg after pupil dilatation. Conclusion: Our results revealed that the increase in IOP after pharmacological pupil dilatation was minimal, and the incidence of acute angle-closure attack was insignificant. Hyperopic status was the only factor related to an increase in IOP of > 4 mmHg. Caution should be exercised if one is hyperopic or has a history of glaucoma and rechecking IOP in these subjects is suggested after pharmacological mydriasis.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1024-1027
頁數4
期刊Journal of the Chinese Medical Association
85
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 10月 2022

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