Our paper is a narrative synthesis of the health belief model (HBM), which was developed in the early 1950s by social psychologists Hochbaum, Rosenstock, and Kegels working in the US Public Health Services. The HBM has been adapted to explore various long- and short-term health behaviors. In this narrative synthesis, we provide the analysis of the utilization of HBM and cervical cancer screening in Africa from 2009 to 2017 and critically evaluate the HBM in the context of different African countries. We also elucidate cervical cancer screening behavior among women living in Africa through a compassionate approach. Our results provide insights into individuals’ health-seeking behavior and their place of residence, which provide valuable evidence for the development of further preventative medicine.