Biphenyl Au(III) Complexes with Phosphine Ancillary Ligands: Synthesis, Optical Properties, and Electroluminescence in Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells

Jeannine Yang, Valerio Giuso, Min Chih Hou, Edwyn Remadna, Jérémy Forté, Hai Ching Su*, Christophe Gourlaouen, Matteo Mauro*, Benoît Bertrand*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

A series of ten cationic complexes of the general formula [(C^C)Au(P^P)]X, where C^C = 4,4′-di-tert-butyl-1,1′-biphenyl, P^P is a diphosphine ligand, and X is a noncoordinating counteranion, have been synthesized and fully characterized by means of chemical and X-ray structural methods. All the complexes display a remarkable switch-on of the emission properties when going from a fluid solution to a solid state. In the latter, long-lived emission with lifetime τ = 1.8-83.0 μs and maximum in the green-yellow region is achieved with moderate to high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY). This emission is ascribed to an excited state with a mainly triplet ligand-centered (3LC) nature. This effect strongly indicates that rigidification of the environment helps to suppress nonradiative decay, which is mainly attributed to the large molecular distortion in the excited state, as supported by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) computation. In addition, quenching intermolecular interactions of the emitter are avoided thanks to the steric hindrance of the substituents. Emissive properties are therefore restored efficiently. The influence of both diphosphine and anion has been investigated and rationalized as well. Using two complexes as examples and owing to their enhanced optical properties in the solid state, the first proof-of-concept of the use of gold(III) complexes as electroactive materials for the fabrication of light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEC) devices is herein demonstrated. The LECs achieve peak external quantum efficiency, current efficiency, and power efficiency up to ca. 1%, 2.6 cd A-1, and 1.1 lm W-1 for complex 1PF6 and 0.9%, 2.5 cd A-1, and 0.7 lm W-1 for complex 3, showing the potential use of these novel emitters as electroactive compounds in LEC devices.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)4903-4921
頁數19
期刊Inorganic Chemistry
62
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 27 3月 2023

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