In this study, we designed and manufactured a posterior lumbar interbody fusion cage for osteoporosis patients using 3D-printing. The cage structure conforms to the anatomical endplate’s curved surface for stress transmission and internal lattice design for bone growth. Finite element (FE) analysis and weight topology optimization under different lumbar spine activity ratios were integrated to design the curved surface (CS-type) cage using the endplate surface morphology statistical results from the osteoporosis patients. The CS-type and plate (P-type) cage biomechanical behaviors under different daily activities were compared by performing non-linear FE analysis. A gyroid lattice with 0.25 spiral wall thickness was then designed in the internal cavity of the CS-type cage. The CS-cage was manufactured using metal 3D printing to conduct in vitro biomechanical tests. The FE analysis result showed that the maximum stress values at the inferior L3 and superior L4 endplates under all daily activities for the P-type cage implantation model were all higher than those for the CS-type cage. Fracture might occur in the P-type cage because the maximum stresses found in the endplates exceeded its ultimate strength (about 10 MPa) under flexion, torsion and bending loads. The yield load and stiffness of our designed CS-type cage fall into the optional acceptance criteria for the ISO 23089 standard under all load conditions.