Bidirectional Association Between Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Among Probands and Unaffected Siblings: A Nationwide Population-Based Study

Ying Jay Liou, Shih Jen Tsai, Ya Mei Bai, Chih Ming Cheng, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Chih Sung Liang*, Mu Hong Chen

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Objective Studies have reported a biological link between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and systemic autoimmune disease (SAID). However, whether the unaffected siblings of patients with OCD or SAID are more likely to develop subsequent SAID or OCD later in life remains unclear. Methods We examined the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database data of 17,135 patients with SAID, 30,672 unaffected siblings, and 467,211 non-SAID reference subjects born before 2000 for subsequent OCD during 1996-2011 and those of 25,364 patients with OCD, 42,546 unaffected siblings, and 654,207 non-OCD reference subjects to identify subsequent SAID during 1996-2011. Results Patients with SAID (odds ratio = 1.74, 95% confidence interval = 1.31-2.31) and unaffected siblings (1.25, 0.92-1.70) were more likely to develop OCD later in life than the non-SAID reference group. Moreover, patients with OCD (odds ratio = 1.53, 95% confidence interval = 1.15-2.05) and unaffected siblings (1.51, 1.21-1.87) were more likely to develop any form of SAID during the follow-up than the non-OCD reference group. Conclusions The bidirectional association of OCD and SAID between probands and siblings may indicate a familial coaggregation of these two conditions. Additional studies elucidating the genetic and environmental mechanisms underlying this coaggregation are warranted.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)597-602
頁數6
期刊Psychosomatic Medicine
84
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 6月 2022

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