Benchmarking Neural Capacity Estimation: Viability & Reliability

Farhad Mirkarimi, Stefano Rini, Nariman Farsad

研究成果: Article同行評審


Recently, several methods have been proposed for estimating the mutual information from sample data using deep neural networks. This approach is referred to as neural mutual information estimation (NMIE). NMIEs differ from other approaches in the literature as they are data-driven estimators. As such, they have the potential to perform well on a large class of capacity problems. To test the performance across various NMIEs, it is desirable to establish a benchmark encompassing the different challenges of capacity estimation. This is the objective of this paper. We consider three scenarios for benchmarking: (i) the classic AWGN channel, (ii) channels continuous inputs &#x2013; the optical intensity and peak-power constrained AWGN channel (iii) channels with a discrete output &#x2013; i.e., the Poisson channel. We also consider the extension to the multi-terminal case with (iv) the AWGN and optical MAC models. We argue that benchmarking a certain NMIE across these four scenarios provides a substantive test of performance. We study the performance of <italic>mutual information neural estimator</italic> (MINE), <italic>smoothed mutual information lower-bound estimator</italic> (SMILE), and <italic>directed information neural estimator</italic> (DINE) and provide insights into the performance of other methods as well. To summarize our benchmarking results, MINE provides the most reliable performance.

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期刊IEEE Transactions on Communications
出版狀態Accepted/In press - 2023


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