Automatic 3D left atrial strain extraction framework on cardiac computed tomography

Ling Chen, Sung Hao Huang*, Tzu Hsiang Wang, Vincent S. Tseng, Hsuan Ming Tsao, Gau Jun Tang

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Background and objective: Strain analysis provides insights into myocardial function and cardiac condition evaluation. However, the anatomical characteristics of left atrium (LA) inherently limit LA strain analysis when using echocardiography. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) with its superior spatial resolution, has become critical for in-depth evaluation of LA function. Recent studies have explored the feasibility of CT-derived strain; however, they relied on manually selected regions of interest (ROIs) and mainly focused on left ventricle (LV). This study aimed to propose a first-of-its-kind fully automatic deep learning (DL)-based framework for three-dimensional (3D) LA strain extraction on cardiac CT. Methods: A total of 111 patients undergoing ECG-gated contrast-enhanced CT for evaluating subclinical atrial fibrillation (AF) were enrolled in this study. We developed a 3D strain extraction framework on cardiac CT images, containing a 2.5D GN-U-Net network for LA segmentation, axis-oriented 3D view extraction, and LA strain measure. The segmentation accuracy was evaluated using Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). The model-extracted LA volumes and emptying fraction (EF) were compared with ground-truth measurements using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), correlation coefficient (r), and Bland-Altman plot (B-A). The automatically extracted LA strains were evaluated against the LA strains measured from 2D echocardiograms. We utilized this framework to gauge the effect of AF burden on LA strain, employing the atrial high rate episode (AHRE) burden as the measurement parameter. Results: The GN-U-Net LA segmentation network achieved a DSC score of 0.9603 on the test set. The framework-extracted LA estimates demonstrated excellent ICCs of 0.949 (95 % CI: 0.93–0.97) for minimal LA volume, 0.904 (95 % CI: 0.86–0.93) for maximal LA volume, and 0.902 (95 % CI: 0.86–0.93) for EF, compared with expert measurements. The framework-extracted LA strains demonstrated moderate agreement with the LA strains based on 2D echocardiography (ICCs >0.703). Patients with AHRE > 6 min had significantly lower global strain and LAEF, as extracted by the framework than those with AHRE ≤ 6 min. Conclusion: The promising results highlighted the feasibility and clinical usefulness of automatically extracting 3D LA strain from CT images using a DL-based framework. This tool could provide a 3D-based alternative to echocardiography for assessing LA function.

原文English
文章編號108236
期刊Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
252
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 7月 2024

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