Autism spectrum disorder and periodontitis risk: A cohort study of 38,203 adolescents

Shih Jen Tsai*, Ju Wei Hsu, Kai Lin Huang, Ya Mei Bai, Tung Ping Su, Tzeng Ji Chen, Mu Hong Chen

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have poor oral health status because they often experience challenges with daily oral hygiene and have inadequate access to oral health care services. This study explored periodontitis risk in adolescents with ASD compared with those who did not have a diagnosis of ASD. Methods: Data from 2001 through December 31, 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database on 3,473 adolescents with ASD and 34,730 age- and sex-matched people who did not have a diagnosis of ASD were obtained, and subsequent periodontitis was identified from enrollment through December 31, 2011. Results: Adolescents with ASD (hazard ratio, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.84 to 2.20) were more likely to develop periodontitis at follow-up than those who did not have a diagnosis of ASD. Findings remained consistent in subanalyses stratified by sex and intellectual disability. People with ASD had periodontitis onset at an earlier mean (SD) age than those who did not have a diagnosis of ASD (17.97 [3.12] vs 21.86 [2.28] years; P < .001). Conclusions: ASD is an independent risk factor for subsequent periodontitis development. Practical Implications: Oral health should be closely monitored in adolescents with ASD. Future investigation of the common pathogenesis between periodontitis and ASD is warranted.

原文English
期刊Journal of the American Dental Association
DOIs
出版狀態Accepted/In press - 2023

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