Background/Purpose: Elevated monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is related to severe periodontal destruction. Furthermore, MCP-1 -2518 A/G gene polymorphism affects MCP-1 after inflammatory stimuli. This study analyzed the association between MCP-1 -2518 gene polymorphism and the outcome of nonsurgical periodontal treatment. Methods: Forty periodontal patients were recruited and MCP-1 -2518 A/G gene polymorphisms were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. The clinical periodontal parameters, including probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival index (GI), bleeding index (BI) and plaque index (PI), were recorded before and six weeks after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Patients were divided into chronic periodontitis (CP) or aggressive periodontitis (AP). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to investigate certain predictors of the therapy outcome. Results: The frequency of MCP-1 -2518 genotype-positive (carrying allele G) was 42.5%. Poor treatment outcome in PD, GI and BI improvement could be predicted with MCP-1 -2518 A/G genotype and aggressive periodontitis status as the predictor variables. In contrast, MCP-1 -2518 A/A genotype and aggressive periodontitis status could predict better treatment response in PD and BI improvement. However, MCP-1 -2518 genotype did not affect the treatment outcome in patients with chronic periodontitis. Conclusion: MCP-1 -2518 A/G genotype might be useful in predicting less favorable nonsurgical treatment outcome in patients with aggressive periodontitis. However, MCP-1 -2518 gene polymorphism may not play a role in patients with chronic periodontitis. This study suggests that MCP-1 -2518 genotype may influence the outcome of nonsurgical periodontal treatment in aggressive periodontitis patients.
|頁（從 - 到）||191-196|
|期刊||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|出版狀態||Published - 3月 2018|