Assessing trends and predictors of tuberculosis in Taiwan

Chung Min Liao*, Nan Hung Hsieh, Tang Luen Huang, Yi Hsien Cheng, Yi Jun Lin, Chia Pin Chio, Szu Chieh Chen, Min Pei Ling

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

42 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Variety of environmental and individual factors can cause tuberculosis (TB) incidence change. The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics of TB trends in the period 2004 - 2008 in Taiwan by month, year, gender, age, temperature, seasonality, and aborigines. Methods. The generalized regression models were used to examine the potential predictors for the monthly TB incidence in regional and national scales. Results: We found that (i) in Taiwan the average TB incidence was 68 per 100,000 population with mortality rate of 0.036 person -1 yr -1, (ii) the highest TB incidence rate was found in eastern Taiwan (116 per 100,000 population) with the largest proportion of TB relapse cases (8.17%), (iii) seasonality, aborigines, gender, and age had a consistent and dominant role in constructing TB incidence patterns in Taiwan, and (iv) gender, time trend, and 2-month lag maximum temperature showed strong association with TB trends in aboriginal subpopulations. Conclusions: The proposed Poisson regression model is capable of forecasting patterns of TB incidence at regional and national scales. This study suggested that assessment of TB trends in eastern Taiwan presents an important opportunity for understanding the time-series dynamics and control of TB infections, given that this is the typical host demography in regions where these infections remain major public health problems.

原文English
文章編號29
期刊BMC Public Health
12
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2012

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