Aortic reservoir function of Japanese female pearl divers

Jun Sugawara*, Tsubasa Tomoto, Hsin Fu Lin, Chen Huan Chen, Hirofumi Tanaka

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Female pearl divers in Japan, called “Ama,” engage in repeated breath-hold free-diving maneuvers for collecting pearls, seaweeds, and shellfish in the cold sea. We previously reported that they have lower systemic arterial stiffness than age-matched sedentary peers. As a follow-up study, we evaluated their segmental arterial stiffness and aortic reservoir function. A total of 120 non-medicated women living in the same fishing villages (mean age: 65 11 yr), including 88 Ama and 32 age-matched sedentary peers, were studied. Pulse wave velocity from the heart to the brachial artery (hbPWV; partly reflecting proximal aortic stiffness) and between the brachial artery and the ankle (baPWV; reflecting stiffness of abdominal aorta and leg arteries) were measured. Aortic hemodynamic variables were estimated from applanation tonometry carotid arterial pressure waveforms via general transfer function. Carotid artery impedance was calculated from blood flow velocity and blood pressure of contralateral common carotid arteries. baPWV was not different between the groups (P 0.117), whereas hbPWV was significantly lower in pearl divers than sedentary peers (P 0.004). Additionally, Ama had significantly lower aortic reservoir pressure integral (P 0.029) and carotid artery impedance modulus in frequency ranges from 0.78 to 4.0 Hz (P 0.011~0.019) than in sedentary peers. Collectively, these findings indicate that lifelong female pearl divers have superior reservoir function in central elastic arteries (e.g., the proximal aorta and carotid artery) in comparison with age-matched sedentary women living in the same fishing village. NEW & NOTEWORTHY We previously reported that lifelong female pearl divers in Japan, called “Ama,” have lower systemic arterial stiffness than age-matched sedentary peers. As a follow-up study, we evaluated their segmental arterial stiffness and aortic reservoir function. In comparison with age-matched sedentary women living in the same fishing village, Ama demonstrated significantly lower arterial stiffness in more proximal and elastic arterial segments and superior reservoir function in central elastic arteries.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1901-1905
頁數5
期刊Journal of Applied Physiology
125
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2018

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