Amino acid substitutions of crrb responsible for resistance to colistin through crrc in klebsiella pneumoniae

Yi Hsiang Cheng, Tzu Lung Lin, Yi Tsung Lin, Jin Town Wang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

100 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Colistin is a last-resort antibiotic for treatment of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. A recent study indicated that missense mutations in the CrrB protein contribute to colistin resistance. In our previous study, mechanisms of colistin resistance were defined in 17 of 26 colistin-resistant K. pneumoniae clinical isolates. Of the remaining nine strains, eight were highly resistant to colistin. In the present study, crrAB sequences were determined for these eight strains. Six separate amino acid substitutions in CrrB (Q10L, Y31H, W140R, N141I, P151S, and S195N) were detected. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to generate crrB loci harboring individual missense mutations; introduction of the mutated genes into a susceptible strain, A4528, resulted in 64- to 1,024-fold increases in colistin MICs. These crrB mutants showed increased accumulation of H239-3062, H239-3059, pmrA, pmrC, and pmrH transcripts by quantitative reverse transcription (qRT)-PCR. Deletion of H239-3062 (but not that of H239-3059) in the A4528 crrB(N141I) strain attenuated resistance to colistin, and H239-3062 was accordingly named crrC. Similarly, accumulation of pmrA, pmrC, and pmrH transcripts induced by crrB(N141I) was significantly attenuated upon deletion of crrC. Complementation of crrC restored resistance to colistin and accumulation of pmrA, pmrC, and pmrH transcripts in a crrB(N141I) ôcrrC strain. In conclusion, novel individual CrrB amino acid substitutions (Y31H, W140R, N141I, P151S, and S195N) were shown to be responsible for colistin resistance. We hypothesize that CrrB mutations induce CrrC expression, thereby inducing elevated expression of the pmrHFIJKLM operon and pmrC (an effect mediated via the PmrAB twocomponent system) and yielding increased colistin resistance.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)3709-3716
頁數8
期刊Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
60
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 6月 2016

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