Air pollutants and development of interstitial lung disease in patients with connective tissue disease: A population-based case-control study in Taiwan

Hsin Hua Chen, You Ming Yong, Ching Heng Lin, Yi Hsing Chen, Der Yuan Chen, Jia Ching Ying, Wen Cheng Chao*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective The aim of this study was to assess the association between air pollutant exposure and interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with connective tissue diseases (CTDs). Setting A nationwide, population-based, matched case-control study in Taiwan. Participants Using the 1997-2013 Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified patients with newly diagnosed CTD during 2001-2013, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic sclerosis (SSc), dermatomyositis (DMtis)/polymyositis (PM) and primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Primary and secondary outcome measures Patients with newly diagnosed ILD during 2012-2013 were identified as ILD cases, and selected patients with CTD without ILD matching (1:4) the CTD cases for CTD diagnosis, age, gender, disease duration and year of ILD diagnosis date were identified as non-ILD controls. Data of hourly level of air pollutants 1 year before the index date were obtained from the Taiwan Environmental Protection Agency. The association between ILD and air pollutant exposure was evaluated using logistic regression analysis shown as adjusted ORs (aORs) with 95% CIs after adjusting for potential confounders. Results We identified 505 newly diagnosed CTD-ILD patients, including 82 with SLE, 210 with RA, 47 with SSc, 44 with DMtis/PM and 122 with pSS. Ozone (O 3) exposure (per 10 ppb) was associated with a decreased ILD risk in patients with CTD (aOR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.33 to 0.79) after adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusions A previously unrecognised inverse correlation was found between O 3 exposure and ILD in patients with RA and SSc. Further studies are warranted to explore the underlying mechanisms.

原文English
文章編號e041405
期刊BMJ Open
10
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 28 12月 2020

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